First of all, a HUGE thank you to Toyota of Long Beach20 minutes ago
As if following the creed of the United States Postal Service, the Land Cruiser is seemingly unaffected by snow or rain or heat or gloom of night thanks to a full suite of four-wheel-drive tools, which includes a two-speed transfer case and a Torsen-type limited-slip center differential that defaults to sending 60 percent of the engine’s torque rearward and 40 percent forward.
1955 – The Second generation of the Land Cruiser called the 20 Series was introduced. It was designed to have a more civilian appeal than the BJ for export reasons. It also had more stylish bodywork and a better ride courtesy of longer four-plate leaf springs which had been adapted from the Toyota Light Truck. It had a more powerful 99 kW (135 PS; 133 hp) 3.9 L six-cylinder Type F petrol engine, but adopted the previous generation's three speed gearbox. The interior of the vehicles were made more comfortable by moving the engine 120 mm (4.7 in) forward. The 20 Series still had no low range transfer case, but had synchronism on the third and fourth gears.
As of 2018, the Land Cruiser (J200) is available in most markets. Exceptions include Canada, Malaysia (which have the Lexus LX available), Hong Kong, Macau, North Korea, Singapore, South Korea, Brazil, Syria, Thailand and large parts of Europe. In Europe, the only countries that officially sell the Land Cruiser are: Gibraltar, Iceland, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
1990 – The 80 series station wagon was introduced, replacing the 60 series. All 80s sold in North America and Europe now have a full-time four-wheel drive system. In Japan, Africa, and Australia, a part-time system was still available. 80s produced between 1990 and 1991 had an open centre differential which was lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO. From 1992 onward, vehicles with anti-lock brakes had a viscous coupling that sent a maximum of 30% torque to the non-slipping axle. The differential was lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO.
The VDJ79 is an evolution of the 70 series Land Cruiser that was first introduced in late 1984. Though never offered in the United States, the 70 series is the true inheritor of the FJ40's no-nonsense spirit. Light and compact compared with its 60 and 80 series contemporaries, the 70 series has always maintained a strong emphasis on capability over creature comfort. Its rugged, simple sensibilities have helped to keep it in production for over 20 years.
Based on the FJ40, the FJ45 is a pickup version of that model. The FJ45 was only available in the United States from 1963-1967. The FJ45 featured either a fixed hardtop or a removable hardtop. The FJ45 Land Cruiser was available as a 4-Door Wagon, a Short Bed Pickup or a Long Bed Pickup. While the Long Bed and Wagon models are rare, the Short Bed version is extremely rare.
The introduction of a V8 engine was also a first for a Land Cruiser, and was specifically intended to improve sales in the North-American market, where it was the only engine available. In Australia, the 100 V8 was initially only available in the range-topping GXV model, while entry and mid-range models were the 105 powered by the 1FZ-FE I6 petrol, or 1HZ diesel engines. The new 1HD-FTE turbo-diesel 100 was added to the Australian range in October 2000 after being available in Europe and the UK since the vehicle's launch in 1998. The automotive press in Australia were critical of Toyota's decision to offer the acclaimed 1HD-FTE engine only in combination with IFS. Australian 4WD Monthly magazine stated "We will never forgive Toyota for going independent at the front with the mighty 4.2 turbo-diesel".
1951 – The Toyota "Jeep" BJ prototype was developed in January 1951. This came from the demand for military-type utility vehicles, much like the British Land Rover Series 1 that was developed in 1948. The Jeep BJ was larger than the original U.S. Jeep and more powerful courtesy of its Type B 3.4-litre six-cylinder OHV Four-stroke petrol engine which generated a power output of 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp) at 3,600 rpm and 215 N⋅m (159 lb⋅ft) torque at 1,600 rpm. It had a part-time four-wheel drive system like the Jeep. However unlike the Jeep, the Jeep BJ had no low-range transfer case.
1994 – A limited edition called the Land Cruiser Blue Marlin (FZJ80R) was introduced to the Australian market. They have 4.5 L straight 6 petrol engines with double-overhead cams, an automatic or manual transmission and 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) at 4,600 rpm. The car is blue from the Blue Marlin fish and they have the Blue Marlin logo throughout the car. Some of the features that the Blue Marlin included were altimeters, power windows, disc brakes, leather gear knob and steering wheel, central locking, leather trim, chrome handles and sidesteps, 16-inch alloy wheels, limited-slip differential, anti-lock brakes (ABS), power steering, CD or cassette players, fender flares, and a limited edition bull bar. Only 500 were made.